how to use accutane safely signos y sintomas de la disfuncion erectil can i make voveran zyrtec capsules tadalafil cheap canada neurontin 800 mg tablets synthroid generic name levothyroxine increasing returns to scale average cost doxycycline dose for malaria tricor cholesterol medication side effects atarax online legally generic entocort no prescription codeine cough syrup dosage for adults best place to order bentyl in us sominex pill canadian buy brand advair diskus cheap femara tablets 2.5 mg water pills side effects dry mouth zovirax noprescrition needed uk online pharmacy indian alcohol policy alliance new delhi indinavir on line no script albenza comprar prevacid side effects headache comprar minomycin en argentina zofran by mail acheter medrol pas cher overnight us pharmacy prescription valtrex hydrochlorothiazide drugstore nexium telecommunications australia metronidazole 500 mg contraindications chloramphenicol canada prescription accutane 40 mg online positive reviews on lexapro buy cheap boots online ireland albendazole dosage best drugstore brand eye makeup remover pharmacies alliston lowest priced voveran sr buy aciclovir lowest price can penicillin treat chlamydia and gonorrhea mentat ds syrup online in us minocycline discount code hoodia weight gain luvox best online non prescription pharmacy dapoxetine discount medications buy viagra professional usa famvir once medsafe glucophage online cialis prescription price inderal tablets used buy atorlip 20 generic prescription cheap stromectol online metoprolol side effect cough lithium drug oversea buy bentyl 40 adverse side effects of artane generic fluoxetine usa prescription doxycycline monohydrate robaxin buy australia digoxin wanted online review atarax no script can you order pulmicort online prescription sale tadapox online ed allopurinol get high can i get clomid at walmart chloroquine phosphate 250 mg cipla pharmaceutical company in bangalore buy aldactone discount paroxetine from europe how much does prednisone cost without insurance prograf order in the us buy differin greece online desyrel purchase amaryl price india prilosec order on web where can youtube buy viagra over the counter in uk lioresal buy canada hydrochlorothiazide generic picture zyprexa 20 mg price venta de cialis en guadalajara jalisco mexico atrovent rx dilantin by mail fluoxetine dose for cats is paxil legal in uk side effects of ginseng panax lowest price cialis sublingual e; sicuro comprare viagra on line buy asacol perth australia etodolac drug store online best place buy atacand pct diflucan online prescription buy grifulvin v inhaler canada supreme suppliers video lotrisone drug schedule how to order l-tryptophan irish viagra drink generic prandin safe can you only get viagra super active on prescription tegretol women buy why has diclofenac been discontinued montelukast pediatric dose other drugs like abilify generic zyrtec drowsy best site get zyrtec what is prednisone injection where can i get unique hoodia in australia how to get a cheap prescription for antibiotics liposafe pharmacy prices list viagra side effects herbal viagra order antabuse lowest price non prescription adalat to buy mirapex in uk hyzaar doctors online lexapro canada drug store price increase citalopram order aciphex 20mg canadian pharmacy comprar aciphex online buy alli 130 cheap atorvastatin patent expiry australia viagra super active next day amantadine prescription assistance program university of florida acai berry research what is abilify for depression generic kamagra oral jelly paypal alesse on line no script cialis super active australia aygestin maximum dosage alli availability issues what does citalopram hbr 20 mg look like buy diarex online cheap inhalers with no prescriptions clomid australia pharmacy spc methylprednisolone injection buy toradol singapore where to purchase toprol xl where to buy cafergot mg buy viagra canada online no prescription cheap eurax no prescription minipress noprescrition needed usa online pharmacy generic ampicillin canada claritin d drug class buy cardizem online amazon nizoral no rx purchasing lotrisone online uk generic benzaclin mylan mobic prescription com thalidomide trust uk billig bupron sr online kaufen what does prednisone treat in dogs can i buy viagra over the counter in london doxazosin capsules aceon cost crestor generic form actos competitors thyroxine weight loss best strattera prices benicar generic date low cost finasteride buy levitra cheap online buy eulexin online cheap cyproheptadine tablets bp 4mg mobic generic name meloxicam buy generic pletal online buying levitra plus using paypal tamoxifen generico online cost of danazol without insurance cheap canadian diflucan no prescription american express merchant login uk 1xtra live retin-a 0,025 drug schedule where does erythromycin come from where can i buy diflucan over the counter where can i go to buy levitra zovirax 200mg dispersible tablets sumycin medication where to buy canadian pharmacy cabgolin seroquel 100mg for depression drugs for depression and anxiety can you only get vermox on prescription why is there a shortage of terramycin ventolin pills buy research grade imuran kytril side effects uk cytoxan tablets price lisinopril by mail online zofran purchase compare tretinoin cream non rx zyban canada head office purchasing brand cialis online silagra online coupon code puscifer v viagra blogspot 150 mg wellbutrin sr side effects mometasone furoate nasal spray nationwide shortage of lasix where can i buy minomycin is generic diflucan as effective brand viagra uk online uti treatment cipro dosage lopid overnight ranitidine barato plavix over counter uk very cheap glucophage kroger pharmacy lexington ky leestown rd buy lozol in australia lamictal peak sales protonix dosage range minocycline 100mg for acne generic revia switzerland fluconazole side effects in babies terramycin doctors online can you get high off citalopram hydrobromide acheter pas cher midamor buy trandate astrailia precio de las pastillas cytotec en peru buy kamagra oral jelly quick zyprexa generic when keflex bonus pills best no script online pharmacy vytorin 100 sildenafil citrate side effects treatment reglan without get had buy vermox without a subscription current price lady era is there a generic for coreg cr is desyrel legal in uk alli sales 2009 prazosin generic reviews achat cialis montreal cost of generic zantac can you buy zovirax at walgreens kaufen albendazole online uk integrative medicine alliance ima abana not generic ou acheter du levitra a paris how much arimidex should i take for gyno best anxiety medication without side effects shallaki online uk glyburide during pregnancy danger long time side effects vermox can i get caverta can i mix viagra and cialis can you order flonase sure canadian pharmacy can you get pregnant while on topamax cipro 1a pharma 100 mg alkohol casodex canada pharmacy levothroid overseas cheap diclofenac sodium generic citalopram medication overnight delivery countries with no prescription drug laws blopress prescription coupon motrin medicine online pain meds for dogs after spaying toprol xl sales h1n1 1920 evil returns duphalac no prescription canada ventolin coupon gsk buy propecia with mastercard what is ventolin inhaler can buy cozaar online minocycline 100mg capsule ranbaxy premarin lowest price fluoxetine 20 mg dosage flomax bonus pills albenza overnight shipping cheap purchase lanoxin online lamictal online bestellen viagra de l;himalaya france 2 ordering how long does levitra last canadian generic uk paypal glucophage mobic 40mg cipro for sale uk what is persantine dipyridamole altace delivery does 25mg of seroquel cause weight gain kamagra soft uses medication purchase prednisone for dogs obagi nu derm tretinoin 05 best place buy stromectol best place buy propranolol pct what is the correct dosage of glucophage snorting trazodone hydrochloride 50 mg purchase zyprexa cheap aceon through erbumine high blood what is flovent diskus prevacid recall april 2012 buy viagra boots prescription cheap zofran wafers cheap diovan 40 mg tadalafil online canada pharmacy there generic compazine cytotec generic release date acquistare nolvadex in italia where to purchase xalatan buy generic viagra professional with bonus types of drugs for depression viagra sublingual pills cholestoplex prices cvs dilantin online in us buy acai berry juice online generic antivert discount canadian pharmacy synthroid drug market order pravachol xanax high blood pressure buy diflucan online from mexico where to buy clomid for pct claritin dosage for adults buy caverta online no prescription united states order alli diet pill arjuna generic 2013 drugs pletal tablet sale liv 52 prices generic alesse pills where are alligators found in the wild lowest price avodart can you get cymbalta in the uk glucophage 500 mg precio mexico buy ciproxin how to use doxycycline for chlamydia viagra online buy uk buy over the counter brand amoxil online xalatan over the couter ezetimibe mechanism of action ppt best pharmacy to order clonidine levitra precio farmacia can i get pregnant while on coumadin brand cialis drug in usa pharmacy como comprar passagens pela star alliance glucotrol xl pharmacies 5 permethrin over the counter medication from nature quick weight loss pills over the counter best medicine back pain muscle how to get alesse drug medrol dose pack weight gain zovirax no prescription needed revatio sildenafil cost buying evista from canada no prescription buy plavix astrailia purchase rumalaya liniment online medrol dosepak 4 mg mexican pharmacy no prescription diltiazem side effects of roxithromycin sandoz can you take synthroid daily beat way to order rosuvastatin coreg drug schedule how much does yasmin cost with insurance altace 2.5 mg efectos secundarios exelon discount voucher order live crickets online side effects of testosterone therapy cream diclofenac gel uses best online pharmacy generic prinivil generic uk paypal vermox buy generic differin online canadian pharmacy online diovan levitra professional online without prescription malegra 100 sunrise lowest priced keftab best place to buy flonase buy eurax in uk long term side effects of doxycycline hyclate free printable allegra coupons paxil tablets dosage brittle asthma unit heartlands hospital most reliable canadian online pharmacy how long does lilly fluoxetine take to work best pharmacy to order cozaar telmisartan amlodipine besylate tablets cheap does alli work weight loss pills capoten mist canada buy plavix online overnight delivery reviews on wellbutrin for adhd cialis tabletten kaufen sumycin mail order generic prednisone switzerland geriforte syrup over the counter levitra tablet price in india buy indinavir online reviews accredited online colleges pharmacy technician keppra tablets crush avodart cost canadian zenegra sale cheap cheapest where to buy cyklokapron drugs online ephedra diet pills uk order trazodone 100mg the canadian drugstore inc shuddha guggulu australia price can you get provera finpecia coupons prilosec price at walgreens acyclovir no prescription overnight shipping cost of adalat want buy fertility drugs finasteride tablets 1mg uses xenical without prescriptions micronase prices at costco xanax anxiety medicine pharmacy direct gb generic viagra no prescription australia lipitor going over the counter buy robaxin 80 mg online astelin drug canadian pharmacy where can i buy lithium battery cr2032 safe place order diovan para que es el diclofenaco sodico 50 mg micardis plus medication comprar cytotec en santiago de chile can amoxil get you high generic from seroflo canadian online pharmacy for metoclopramide pfizer vgr 100 pill identification interactions cardura suppositories buy current price dutas what does zofran do to the body uk version of coreg nexium to get high buspar no prescription compare prices my prednisone coupons viagra cialis and levitra side effects where to buy viagra plus ointment non drowsy benadryl for kids forzest 20 mg ranbaxy haridra prescription only purchasing geriforte online uk viagra vs cialis pharmacy harga obat voltaren sr 75 speman from india buy avapro 300mg lasix 40 mg side effects non persciption zithromax what is antabuse innopran xl side effects uk buy cipla viagra where to buy alligators care dostinex noprescrition needed usa online pharmacy med cab accutane acivir pills bonus pills is bactroban cream over the counter proventil by mail order orlistat 60mg capsules long time side effects clomid can you order periactin generic 4mg vasotec medicine what is cipro 500 mg prescribed for xanax erowid dosage levitra plus 10 mg cost zovirax without prescription miami buy rogaine 2 online usa does baclofen make you gain weight clomid success for women who already ovulate tadapox shopping synthroid roche precio argentina cleocin tablets from buy resources for aspiring writers how to take cephalexin 250 mg best price ed drugs olanzapine lowest price zithromax canadian medications without prescription buy olanzapine 15mg online order doxycycline hyclate canada mail order generic duetact online sale of isoptin cabgolin sale coversyl 10mg posologie what is the correct dosage of glycomet online forum order zyrtec perscription buy pariet in ireland ordering low dose protonix what is ventolin recommended saw palmetto doses finasteride propecia buy online buy bupropion quick order atorlip-20 no rx canadian pharmacy is allegra d prescription only current ginseng prices como comprar alli online lotrisone click here online pharmacy buy cabgolin online without a prescription generic snovitra super power us current price voveran sr flats to buy liverpool docks prilosec prescription versus over the counter generic from lasix where silagra side effects of confido tablets buy myambutol without rx generic innopran xl switzerland long term usage of flonase vogel menosan tincture tablets renagel shortage 2012 toprol xl 100 side effects cheap actos 45 mg drugs india hydrochlorothiazide price buy duphalac online pharmacy cymbalta mail order india reglan overnight 01 tretinoin gel no prescription orlistat sales biliares buy pyridium with no rx costco online pharmacy address where can i find viagra in dubai cialis super active with no perscription where to buy alligator clips in philippines erythromycin online overnight shipping where to buy cafergot online usa levitra online us pharmacy gyne-lotrimin australia pharmacy ciplox shortage 2012 tramadol injection rxlist rumalaya no prrescription depo provera shot for sale availability of viagra in bangladesh lamisil dose toenail fungus amoxil pharmacies shuddha guggulu canada prescription prednisolone 5 mg ec tabs doxazosin lawsuit tinidazole side effects uk prednisone patient uk how to get kamagra in australia is diflucan available in the uk best place buy paxil what is ciprofloxacin 500mg tablets used for vipps certified online pharmacies viagra retin a micro gel pump coupon buy avalide lowest price buy zovirax mg online where to buy red ginseng in toronto buy betapace bulk norvasc 10 mg prices can youtube buy levitra plus in ireland canadian nolvadex 10 mg 30 film tablet flovent precio mexico capoten prix en pharmacie en france order clomid tablets generic phenergan uk paypal avapro ships from india orlistat over the counter uk innopran xl online cheap cialis soft for dogs buy where to buy korean ginseng in london how to get rosuvastatin on line safe to buy generic paroxetine from usa actonel dosage too high prednisone tablets 20mg (apo) generic for advair diskus 250 50 fluticasone propionate how to take propranolol tablets mexico pharmacies online that sell yasmin purchase viagra with prescription generic elavil dosage cheap acticin india alesse reviews and ratings generic pills for probalan elocon no prrescription can i buy amoxicillin over the counter generic viagra professional uk paypal periactin online pharmacy shipped to canada zetia prices at costco bactrim ds dose for acne how to buy uroxatral does clomid affect pregnancy test results mexican propranolol prescription mg isotretinoin alcohol consumption mentat ds syrup uk online can you buy benicar online olmesartan can you buy nizagara online lida india pills what color is clavamox for cats levitra no prescription canada fda approved pharmacy has best price geriforte quibron-t prescription only can you only get rumalaya on prescription 1920s dresses tadacip 20 vs cialis floxin medication order new image slimming tablets reviews where to buy genuine cialis online order genuine viagra online what is amitriptyline used for other than depression buy brand name topamax online best online pharmacy generic robaxin how much will bystolic cost plendil order get cheap valtrex minomycin 50mg side effects terramycin in the uk now lopressor for sale buy flagyl er online pharmacy lowest price cialis jelly comprar zyban online diclofenac online prices unisom cost without insurance fenofibrate 200 mg capsules side effects cost of levitra 20 mg what does lotrisone cream treat what does erythromycin pill look like side effects of mupirocin nasal ointment ciplactin pills for sale levitra professional online store carafate mg tablet how long does it take flonase to leave the system digoxin drugstore canadian association of pharmacy technicians (capt) buy seroflo 10 isocarboxazid#md cheap genuine isoniazid online generic innopran xl usa pharmacy female pink viagra does work lipitor 40 mg recall lot numbers biaxin online usa no prescription diarex medicine children actonel overseas order zofran odt no prescription retino-a cream 0,05 mail order levaquin worldwide pharmacy aleve compazine online cheap order prednisone online without prescription erexin-v non perscription countries buy nootropil pills online sildenafil 100mg blueberry 100 alli refill 120 capsules nifedipine dosage pediatric prilosec sale week where to buy ace diet pills in canada can fucidin cream be used to treat cold sores benadryl sale del mercado what is meclizine drugs medical treatment of gonorrhea in men fda approved online pharmacy can i get actos buy midamor with paypal order roboxin on line buy online no prescription cheap lexapro why is dimenhydrinate banned in the uk side effects of long term usage of doxycycline how to buy antabuse in canada floxin ear drops dosage celadrin pharmacy order cheap drugs for dogs vanessa feltz daughter allegra wedding safe place to buy cialis online brand name viagra online canada buy online saw palmetto generic buy erythromycin without rx can order feldene online can you buy viagra in dubai canadian acticin online discount m and s credit card generic allegra otc shatavari italiano club liv table cost buy paroxetine 30mg finpecia pill shortage generic adalat 30 is generic toprol xl effective herbal slimming tablets india rumalaya liniment cost in canada mexico pharmacia post cycle therapy viagra plus prescription drug cytoxan order colchicine no rx canadian pharmacy where is allegra k located compare prices lithium mircette reviews acne cialis at walmart prednisone side effects decreasing dosage best generic suprax review free trial viagra coupon order proscar pills purchase alli diet pill buy torsemide australia chloramphenicol eye drops over counter uk good reviews on lexapro bupropion xl side effects how long do they last acquisto flonase sicuro online costco online sales 2010 doxycycline prices philippines buying viagra in the us where to buy tenormin online canada levitra bestellen ohne rezept generic pills for ophthacare long time side effects of prilosec comprar zerit en argentina accutane lawsuit payout canada toronto drug store canada drugs nymphomax with prescription generic mircette azurette robaxin australia pharmacy a good web page to buy retin with no script diclofenac sodium tablets what are they for generic lariam uk paypal tramadol for dogs dosage cialis usa can you buy bactroban can you buy lariam online how to take tetracycline hydrochloride purchase diakof cheap shuddha guggulu doctors online avapro shortage 2012 seroflo generic why has aciphex been discontinued generic deltasone overnite shipping imitrex australia pharmacy over the counter clonidine controversial motrin moms commercial health canada citalopram warning atrovent sublingual dosage buy innopran xl boots pharmacy over counter medications do not contain aspirin ordering aciphex from canada rabeprazole kamagra chewable tablets price pharmacy that sells tofranil how to use prednisone eye drops lopressor without prescription buy seroquel in australia bentyl reviews ibs-c buy citalopram online usa can you buy amitriptyline over the counter in germany erythromycin online purchase mexican pharmacy no prescription yagara nootropil mail order india what is viramune used for can you open prevacid capsules prilosec otc 20 mg tablet vega 100mg erfahrung legal buy rumalaya liniment online canada tetracycline drug oversea diovan for daily use canada toradol 10mg high reglan medicine pregnancy zentel zawiesina a tabletki ketoconazole shampoo (brand name nizoral) propranolol from brand name mentat ds syrup cost in canada where to toprol xl chances ovulation 100mg clomid amaryl buy online australia allopurinol prescription cancer uric acid what types of voveran sr are there can order grifulvin v canada nexium online pharmacy no prescription effexor xr from canadian pharmacy phone in order for diclofenac gel ayurslim maximum dosage buy cialis over counter uk prednisolone 5mg dosage children paroxetine in canada differin cream 0.1 w w female viagra comic where to buy clomid online forum buy cheap generic aldactone discount research grade prevacid what is keppra rage buy moduretic online with out prescription trental 100 mg ampul what is another name for pravachol safe buy lotrisone online mobic prescription acheter recharge mobicarte sur internet doxycycline price quickest cafergot drug market order ditropan nombre generico del benadryl robaxin tablets 750 mg lasix birth control online us cleocin gel now co uk brand levitra brand positioning cheap kamagra soft best price viagra on line where to buy pulmicort buy ephedraxin quick generic effexor xr india cheap alli pills free delivery purchase elavil lowest price what is aleve composed of what does generic buspar look like lipitor in italia norvasc side effects prices best price cordarone is keflex better than augmentin combivent mg uk algodones mexico pharmacy prices what is lamisil 1 cream used for isoptin online forum what does asacol hd look like hong kong online pharmacy buy haldol no prescription best generic female viagra review himcocid price india buy ephedraxin mexican pharmacies digoxin overnight shipping cheap buy pravachol pills how to import aterax is there a shortage of xenical buy revatio mg does doxycycline make acne worse brahmi gadi katha telugu movie online dvd luvox costco where can i buy prozac for my cat generic nexium buy canada lodrane 24 medication viagra black ant generic seroflo buy canada finasteride on-line pharmacy liv drugs online purchases cheap combivent cod saturday delivery is generic retin-a ge effective buy acivir pills 10 tamoxifen rxlist what is clomid for men used blum minipress for sale direct line life insurance phone in order for aciclovir buy tricorn brand levitra pills shatavari online ordering aricept medication treatment promethazine overdose death how to use promethazine pills micronase sold over counter furosemide for sale fucidin cream buy online comprar tamoxifen original en madrid best generic brand cialis sites dulcolax suppository pediatric dose billig propranolol online kaufen best over the counter quick weight loss pills speman lowest price order mircette overnight coupons for strattera medication cheap genuine alavert online buying premarin cream buy uk tamoxifen citrate aricept maximum daily dose tamsulosin hcl high order viagra from uk los algodones pharmacy mexico cheap doxycycline 100mg is it possible to buy real viagra online what does protonix look like usa online pharmacies that sell viagra strattera sales 2012 zyrtec australia ad azithromycin 250mg dose papli zoloft without scripts pariet on line in the mexico prilosec famvir 10 mg cost buy etodolac lodine us pharmacy online meclizine buy lipothin 40 proscar 5mg side effects cardizem online pay paypal fast advair diskus delivery prednisolone weight gain short term skelaxin tablets price where can i purchase cymbalta aciphex generic for buy cheap indocin pills 5 types of illegal drugs how to order serophene is wellbutrin prescribed in the uk cheapest way to buy lexapro cheap betnovate buy online legal to buy viagra in uk 100 mg lamictal best price viagra 100mg kamagra generic ibuprofen gel side effects keflex capsules 500mg what is it used for como comprar anafranil zithromax alcohol purchase motilium lowest price cephalexin generic keflex cardizem drug class health canada policy submissions generic parenteral drugs actonel coupons buy unisom tablets uk generic drug for prometrium http www best us online pharmacy com ciprofloxacin 500mg antibiotics side effects does doxycycline cause you to gain weight can you buy shuddha guggulu drugs generic cheaper version of cymbalta overseas pharmacy no prescription cardizem generic yasmin isabelle avapro side effects australia astrazeneca nolvadex rx top drugstore foundations calan porter restaurant reviews generic form suprax cheapest rosuvastatin tablets uk revatio where to get i pill nolvadex website allopurinol medication reviews order robaxin online buy brand lipitor lexapro 20 mg price current options in the management of olanzapine associated weight gain can i buy viagra over the counter at tesco cytoxan 20mg tab speman online cheap how to order haldol online estrace new zealand glycomet mail order cabgolin no prescription minocin acne medicine florida kamagra soft how to order entocort online fast hoodia deleviery generic name promethazine hcl what is the classification for imitrex codeine promethazine is there a shortage of hyzaar cymbalta usage purchase erection packs 1 in canada viagra in 3 days suprax mail order india metformin glucophage online costco watford xmas opening times innopran xl without prescription haldol dosage range buy levlen from canada voltaren emulgel new zealand is there a generic crestor norvasc 5 mg tablet how to order trazodone generic name for nootropil unisom reviews side effects what does cephalexin treat for dogs bayer yasmin discount card buy zanaflex online with mastercard buy forzest uk aciclovir tabletas dosis herpes labial acheter baclofen sans ordonnance buy cialis online canadian no prescription cipla products list india how much ampicillin to take motrin ib maximum dosage bactrim forte 800 160 mg yan etkileri hay pastillas para abortar despues de 1 mes cheapest nizoral to buy atrovent nasal spray reviews fluoxetine drug schedule can you viagra soft in ireland buy uk online pill store international pharmacy for men how much does orlistat cost provera reviews for men erythromycin stearate and alcohol buy 6 aciphex mg buying brand advair diskus for dogs how much does clomid cost prilosec 10 mg side effects healthy male diet fungsi flagyl forte aspirin enteric coated 75 mg tablets best generic betapace sites micardis discount program buy frozen acai australia gasex overnight delivery ordering low dose fucidin order phenergan pill cheap enticing allopurinol online how long does it take to get used to endep arthrotec 75mg side effects diovan medication used does ashwagandha cause weight gain can you buy cheap generic proventil houses sale artane dublin 5 comprar haridra original 2 mg aripiprazole generic lotensin canada prescription rogaine 5 brands india generic brand viagra no prescription asacol hong kong buy mesalamine comprar can you buy exelon in ireland normal dosage of paxil best place to order toradol in us cheap phexin no prescription prograf discount coupon how to take ginseng tablets actoplus met generic buy online buy torsemide online no prescription us lowest priced venlor propecia brand order blopress for sale usa cardura spc buy zebeta patch the new alliance probalan from usa pharmacy azithromycin no prescription overnight propranolol hydrochloride 40 mg buy zovirax astrailia buy adalat cc online nifedipine buy betapace online pharmacy lexapro dosage ocd trental for sale uk what is in abilify pills cephalexin discounts codes free coupon for aricept drugs similar to combivent buy zyvox perth australia how to live cheaply in france xenical drugstore.com buy effexor online from canada nizoral cream side effects list of over the counter pills that get you high overnight robaxin comprar levitra bayer glucophage pcos success buy cialis jelly discount estrace dosage forms saroten nebenwirkungen absetzen rogaine and propecia results what is differin lotion for cheapest premarin in the uk comprar venlor portugal blue mountain pharmacy-ut buy ashwagandha with paypal lukol delivery uk buy detrol in singapore lithium order in the us pill rx health levitra products lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide tablets 20mg 12.5mg boots pharmacy jobs ireland order orlistat from uk without prescription online sale of beconase aq over the counter cough medicine with promethazine can you get high off trazodone hcl 50 mg buy lozol greece styplon from canada crestor canada overnight delivery what does bactrim ds mean what is naproxen 500 mg for nizagara from europe serpina tablets price deltacortril ent 5mg tabs side effects can order female cialis online albendazole max dose need diamox 250mg in middle east diflucan dose for male yeast infection purchase viagra uk generic pletal paypal nolvadex from usa pharmacy retino-a cream 0,05 delivery london swiss pharmacy finpecia wholesale kamagra sildenafil vet vipps ralista results forum side effects doxycycline acne medicine what is depo medrol injection for dogs cheapest price for premarin acheter doxazosin pas cher rumalaya liniment limited india what can i buy with my paypal account apcalis sx pharmacy coupons depakote to buy from europe female viagra precio mexico is generic finast effective remedio sertralina para que es albenza for men in usa rhinocort aqua pregnancy safe diovan hct 160-25 mg price zantac lawsuit canada what is prednisone used for in people where to buy buspar in canada safely generic pills for zithromax purchasing buspar online dulcolax pills vs suppositories buy painkillers online canada order famvir medication by mail buy gyne-lotrimin cheap cheap revatio nizoral shampoo india natural replacement for viagra canadian medicine without prescriptions over the counter erythromycin ointment prazosin order biaxin billig kaufen 100 mg effexor xr cheap forzest india pharmacy that sells robaxin where can you find alligator gar phenergan 10mg when pregnant can you only get lanoxin on prescription buy mentat ds syrup mexican pharmacies over counter proscar where can i get minipress stats hell multiple regression my alli coupon buy estrace 15mg online acute quinine poisoning propecia prix maroc side effects of trandate tablets buy viramune boots perche si usa zoloft is chlamydia medication the same for men and women colospa tablets purchase on line precio de pastillas cytotec en colombia celexa anxiety side effects malegra fxt new zealand sale voveran sr celebrex celecoxib 100 mg para que sirve pharmacy that sells advair diskus buy ceftin tablets uk trileptal 300 mg tablet genuine eldepryl best price order actos diabetes generic alesse online pharmacy prescription overseas pharmacy no prescription lotensin best generic colchicine sites discount torsemide buy viagra soft online india no prescription beat way to order snovitra super power propecia by mail cheap kytril robaxin for sale philippines discount canadian pharmacy nexium my mestinon coupons canadian isotretinoin pharmacy buy accutane zocor side effects muscle what is aspirin used for in a first aid kit india pharmacies online that sell levaquin what is lithium grease used for cost of maxalt rpd is it illegal to order generic digoxin order vytorin online in usa cheap flovent buy online research grade noroxin buy calan boots liposafe refills atacand over counter uk l-tryptophan from usa pharmacy can buy starlix online oral isotretinoin wrinkles can you buy lamictal over the counter online pharmacy european pilex barato trimix diving training daily dose of red ginseng lowest price for online fharmacy what is the generic for fosamax xenical dosage recommended what is tetracycline ointment used for cost of haridra without insurance order nexium samples online canadian alliance of student ottawa associations copyright feldene next day shipping hyaluronic acid from usa differin pharmacy coupon trial erection packs 1 canadian online ordering low dose fertomid metformin over the counter drugs avandamet 2mg 1000 mg tablets long time side effects diflucan serevent with paypal payment viagra soft next day plavix generic and trade name dilantin pas cher best place to buy live rock lamisil side effects erectile dysfunction coumadin 5mg tablet toprol xl reviews for men female viagra barato lerk thai halal can you buy inhalers over the counter in spain lowest priced aspirin buy viagra soft visa purchase generic diclofenac gel no script cialis sublingual mg allergy medicine for dogs prednisone lithium 10 mg safe place order tadapox clomid doctors online buy synthroid without rx cleocin gel cheap uk proscar hair loss reviews buy prevacid tablets online fml forte with no rx otc predisone equilivant cheap generic retin-a 0,025 how long do cipro pills last lexapro 40 mg ocd there generic drug exelon best site to buy liposafe nexium 20mg cost haridra without prescription use flagyl er coupon online albuterol cycle help bodybuilding Purchase actos 45mg canada discount long term side effects of brand levitra lisinopril 5 mg tablet picture amitriptyline buy india can i order indocin no prescription in the usa brafix price how much does advair diskus cost the walking dead nitroglycerin pills skelaxin uk next day delivery viagra plus best price vpxl online order healthy living weight management program buying bentyl in manchester bactrim ds 800-160 and alcohol what does aleve help with bula do flagyl 400 mg alli diet tablets uk buy tretinoin gel china medicine bupropion used phone in order for roxithromycin healthy weight 50 year old man where to buy anafranil drugs online what is promethazine hydrochloride and codeine phosphate syrup erexor not generic can you buy zofran over counter endep shortage nitroglycerin cream price buy mentat capsules modafinil online pharmacy uk fast lioresal deleviery buy cleocin t solution paroxetine uk pharmacy how to get viagra without a doctor in canada cost of doxycycline hyclate z-pak overnight delivery kamagra order india nitrofurantoin mono/mac 100mg drug interactions valtrex dosage for recurrent cold sores can buy silagra online bystolic weight gain birth control pills orlistat canadian pharmacy lukol vytorin lawsuit canada buy cephalexin quick order retin a 0,025 cheap crestor canadian online overnight pharmacy generic form for avodart can i buy lisinopril in canada very cheap celadrin maximum dosage of ventolin orlistat tablets for purchase furosemide doctors online search consultancy sheffield purchasing diarex online uk terramycin italiano buy citalopram 80 mg online effexor buy canada ordering propecia online safe can you buy mentat ds syrup lotensin sold over counter lamictal noprescrition needed canada online pharmacy tamoxifen where can i buy low cost overnight cozaar glucotrol maximum dosage being content quotes nexium discount card order alphagan online no prescription with a echeck tadacip online australia order avapro 75 mg florida oxytrol fluconazole breastfeeding safety is there a drug comparative to arimidex ampicillin best online non prescription pharmacy buy gyne-lotrimin online amazon tenormin ordering no prescription methotrexate and medrol dose pack online generic allopurinol best generic albenza sites himcolin next day delivery generic requip xl haldol mg order silagra india purchase prednisone on line in the uk nootropil australia price can i make retino-a cream 0,025 mexican pharmacy no prescription famvir tetracycline online store does watermelon act like viagra canadian alliance party wikipedia requip xl canada bactrim 200/40 mg suspansiyon 100 ml ordering amaryllis checkout medicine actos type mellitus compazine medicine online what are the most common side effects of luvox flovent cfd price levoxyl ingredients acivir pills reviews what does allegra have in it healthy eating restaurants manchester generic saw palmetto us propranolol in the uk biaxin buy india buy haldol from mexico online buy zetia mg online buy zanaflex online canada no prescription forzest max dose what to do when flonase doesn t work patients ultra low dose tadacip what is reglan 10 mg shuddha guggulu mg buy acheter viagra pfizer ligne advair diskus over counter lowest priced differin myambutol cheap price what does ventolin do to you caverta coupons where to buy amaryllis lowest can buy lamisil online accutane lawsuit uk cymbalta order on web generics for nexium 40 mg beat way to order tenormin buy generic procardia can you take zyvox daily what is crestor used to treat toronto drug store reviews coreg consumer reviews buying mycelex-g from canada no prescription order nizoral online no prescription cialis medication overnight delivery depakote medication uses zentel tabletki apteka blue pill emporium comprar viagra pago paypal zenegra sale pills elimite delivery london kytril canada overnight delivery evista prices canadian pharmacy online clozaril antibiotics and the pill how long buy aldactone inhaler canada where to get colospa generic colchicine gout buy flomax 0.4mg augmentin no prescription compare prices januvia 100 mg tablets side effects what is zovirax cream prescribed for canadian alliance church ministries american tenormin norvasc on line no script buy augmentin xr chlamydia pills online tadacip tadalafil 20mg order amaryl online no prescription with a mastercard can you buy clonidine in ireland buy vpxl next day isoptin in the uk now clonidine patch cost i pill rosuvastatin website cholesterol crestor la sertralina engorda lamictal 40 mg pharmacy cough syrup containing codeine promethazine uk list of tesco stores selling nexium onde posso comprar levitra etodolac market in india procardia shoppers drug mart best price for real ampicillin generic plan b pill price what drug category is pyridium cost of generic norvasc can i buy cialis over the counter in france viagra soft bonus pills precio xenical roche mexico prednisone lawsuit canada buy aciclovir no prescription alli supply shortage generic pariet 20mg where can i find viagra in toronto generic mentat uk paypal mail-order acticin side effects of zentel syrup best pharmacy to order lopressor bactrim ds dose for uti buy avandamet tablets online zestril without rx prednisone dosage chart cialis plus arginine effexor xr withdrawal cold turkey order flovent cheap is dramamine available in the uk bystolic copay discount side effects of fluconazole for yeast infections generic imuran for sale on line buy ashwagandha plant pune what does valtrex do for cold sores where to ginette-35 albendazole through high maximum dosage of maxalt warner chilcott asacol price increase isotretinoin sale cialis 10 mg daily use without a script pharmacy purchase abana zofran sale cleocin gel with paypal payment what is antabuse effect cardura cost in canada vantin for sale prevacid dissolvable tablets infants what is ophthacare drugs donde puedo comprar xenical chile what does cialis for daily use cost canadian pharmacy atarax dosage for children viagra generico menor prec,o is there withdrawal from trazodone bayer aspirin shelf life antivert from canada furosemide rxlist purchase glucophage pills phone in order for retino-a cream 0,05 vardenafil generico new mexico alligator laws flagyl from uk ampicillin drugs interactions dosage vasotec generic cheap costs nystatin and triamcinolone acetonide cream used for acne order blopress order non generic snovitra super power generic pills for toprol xl how much does 10mg abilify cost propecia cost in canada procardia order in the us cheap atacand sale uk generic femara india where cane i buy clomid for pct prograf to buy from europe walmart alli diet pills cholestoplex order canada slimming pills female viagra prednisone 5mg dosage dogs cheap diflucan 100mg diarex not generic astelin tablets for purchase why is there a nizoral shampoo shortage glucotrol xl ships from india canadian bupropion viagra tablets in india name vytorin pill shop discount code max daily dose of toradol best ed drug with alcohol buy cialis soft online from usa betnovate c cream reviews phone in order for bactrim pill rx health flagyl products saw palmetto women buy what drug category is vantin lisinopril and hydrochlorothiazide 20 mg 25 mg fluconazole alcohol consumption buy zerit tablets online low cost glucotrol xl effexor xr non perscription countries buy amaryl mexican pharmacies diamox medication order differin without a prescription from uk cheap tadalis sx india buy desyrel trazodone http www discount prescription drugs online com where to buy lotrisone ointment forzest comprare prevacid side effects long term use is viagra a prescription drug in usa cheap acai berry uk what does glucophage do to the body generic diflucan uk paypal what is the dosage for wellbutrin xl pain meds for dogs is letrozole better than tamoxifen buy generic clomid azithromycin 250 mg treatments minocycline capsules vs tablets buy generic ayurslim online revatio prescription drug buy minocycline online usa what;s better for pct clomid or nolvadex nootropil tablets dosage where to buy norvasc drugs online brand cialis from usa pharmacy coreg cr 80 mg capsules side effects of ciprofloxacin 500mg are alli diet pills safe online generic brand levitra no prescription motrin is duphalac a prescription drug prescription drug prazosin alli weight loss pharmacy buy cialis online safely generic chloroquine cost where can i get clonidine pills glaxo betnovate n cream what are the side effects of remeron hytrin generic wikipedia drugs florida augmentin do you need rx ortho tri-cyclen buy acai 100mg online best place to buy antibiotics online elocon overnight delivery baclofen 20 mg vs soma potatoes not prozac 7 steps aristocort cream generic what is brahmi used for cheap genuine isoptin online side effects of lexapro on fetus norstan-isoniazid tablets best price 100 mg viagra buy probalan australia cheap compazine free delivery order live fish food online cardura billig kaufen nexium 40 mg what is it for cheap generic viagra cheap fosamax american vpxl best online drugstore no prescription buy zaditor hong kong cheapest lincocin 500 mg for dogs tetracycline drugs uses sex pills for women in bangladesh buy decadron 0.5 mg can accutane cause birth defects years later buy evista canada cheap zithromax online what is fertomid 50 used for comprar cleocin gel en argentina cialis soft pharmacy drug market order premarin low price aleve uk tetracycline 500mg, buying on-line online sale of cozaar what is aricept side effects wellbutrin bupropion reviews ventolin without a prescription from uk over the counter sarafem malegra fxt bonus pills american eldepryl where calcium carbonate is found is there a shortage of methotrexate in canada prednisone dosage asthma treatment buy permethrin cream - topical elimite flonase online usa no prescription benzac medicine children doxycycline mono 100mg acne pet medication online usa synthroid discount coupon medication buy floxin fast shipping combivent women buy azulfidine brands india remeron tablets 40mg can i make leukeran best place buy arava pct buy generic tegretol online best online pharmacy generic acticin order bentyl cheap what medicine has nitroglycerin forzest prescription coupon xenical low dose birth control robaxin over the couter where goes i buy alli diet pills in canada lamictal overnight where to buy ceftin online uk side effects of long term claritin use clomid nolvadex pct dose doxycycline pills work safe place order altace generic zofran not as effective cheap propranolol inderal tofranil non perscription countries micardis missed dose buy ampicillin with paypal sominex drug class cialis super active in the uk now can you get addicted to neurontin fast shatavari deleviery comprar actonel pela internet where can i find phenergan in canada tetracycline 500 mg cap cardura tablet 2 mg 20 tb can i get endep ginseng plant for sale philippines where can i buy trileptal in canada buy genuine effexor xr uk long term side effects of tadalis sx discount code for mircette ciprofloxacin hcl 500mg uti buying beconase aq in manchester azithromycin tablets 250 mg side effects buy skelaxin from india lioresal tablets for purchase tetracycline uses acne paroxetine medicine india low cost tadalis sx fastest cialis professional uk delivery clonidine roche precio argentina dulcolax reviews for men kamagra uk company safe promethazine buy retin-a 0,025 side effects long term use fincar tablets generic lotensin switzerland buy depakote lowest price generic cialis 20 mg canada can you get decadron is there a drug comparative to paroxetine bupropion hcl xl maximum dosage order retino-a cream 0,025 online uk calan for sale uk i pill shatavari website unisom on line cost of nexium uk triamterene without prescription miami nootropil cheap price buy isoniazid perth australia cheap voltaren buy online motilium drug canadian pharmacy zithromax prescription information buy brand deltasone buy vpxl 100mg online levaquin to buy in the canada without a prescription relafen dosage and administration can buy female cialis online wellbutrin sr drug oversea
"Let not your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in me" John 14:1
Home arrow Modern Issues arrow Capital Punishment arrow CHRISTIANS AND CAPITAL PUNISHMENT
CHRISTIANS AND CAPITAL PUNISHMENT Print E-mail
Written by Kevin L. Howard   

Review of Clouds of Witnesses by M. Noll and C. Nystrom

Academic Wordiness: Humility Meets Clarity

 

Table of Contents

 

 I. Introduction

II. What does the Old Testament say about capital punishment?

          A. The image of God

          B. Man as a judge

          C. God's covenant

III. Questioning the death penalty with the Old Testament

IV. What does the New Testament say about capital punishment?

          A. The adulterous woman

          B. Turn the other cheek

          C. Put away your sword

          D. The government

          E. Vengeance is mine

          F. The Cross

V. What crimes, if any, merit the death penalty?

VI. Christians opposing the death penalty

            A. The value of life

B. Problems with the death penalty

                       1. Hasn't the death penalty failed to prevent crime?

                       2. What about discrimination and the finality of this decision?

            C. Questions for thought

VII. Summary and conclusion

 

 

Introduction 

Frank sits on death row the night before he goes to the electric chair.  His brown eyes move back and forth examining his green cell walls.  But nothing of beauty hangs there.  The bear and ugly walls remind him of his own empty and unattractive soul.  His darting eyes track his thoughts as they trace his life and how he ended up where he is. How could he have gotten into this mess?   

 

His fear is indescribable.  He's not hungry, he can't sleep.  Doing anything would help him forget what awaits him in several hours.  But who could enjoy a meal or nap on the eve of their death?  All he can seem to do is sweat, tremble, and smoke another cigarette. 

 

This stocky white man who once stood 6'3 is now helplessly curled up on his cot like a baby.  And he will be more helpless against the currents that will soon surge through his body.

 

He's confessed to his countless crimes of rape (including that of a 5-year-old girl), and to murdering and mutilating the bodies of three college women and one high school boy.  This burley criminal, Frank, doesn't have a chance of being exonerated by the governor or DNA testing.  He's guilty and nothing short of a miracle will deny him his date with death in the morning. 

 

What should happen to Frank, prisoner number 9109468, the only son of a broken-hearted mother who once caressed his smooth baby-soft skin?  What do we as Christians say about this man's verdict?  More than what our heart tells us, what does Scripture tell us?

 

Scripture, our guide

With all ethical issues, evangelicals hold varied opinions over what Scripture says about certain issues.  And not all ethical issues have the kind of scriptural clarity we would like (take for example In Vetro Fertilization and Cloning).  However, with the age-old issue of capital punishment, Scripture seems to be clearer than many issues.

 

As far as I'm concerned, if Scripture doesn't tell us how to think about capital punishment, then we wouldn't (or should I say "couldn't") figure it out on our own.  We need the light of God's revelation to give us clear vision on this matter of life and death.

 

To keep things as simple as possible, I will only consider the issue of capital punishment as it relates to murderers.  Much could be said about other crimes, like rape and incest, but I'll focus only on murder, since it would seem to be the best qualifier for the death penalty.

 

What does the Old Testament say about capital punishment?

 

            The image of God

Let's first consider Gen 1:26-28:

 

Then God said, 'Let us make man in our image, according to our likeness; and let them rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky and over the cattle and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.'  And God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.  And God blessed them; and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it; and rule over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the sky, and over every living thing that moves on the earth."

 

Let's also take a look at Gen 5:1-3:

 

"This is the book of the generations of Adam.  In the day when God created man, He made him in the likeness of God.  He created them male and female, and He blessed them and named them Man in the day when they were created.  When Adam had lived one hundred and thirty years, he became the father of a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth."

 

Although the "image of God" is complex, here are two observations relevant for our discussion. 

 

1). Being created in God's image has something to do with being similar to God.

2). Part of being similar to God has something to do with the responsibility of ruling over creation.

 

Much could be said about even these two observations.  Instead of trying to unpack all of it here, let me just move to our main passage, Gen 9:1-7, after Noah and his family left the ark:

 

"And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them, 'Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth.  And the fear of you and the terror of you shall be on every beast of the earth and on every bird of the sky; with everything that creeps on the ground, and all the fish of the sea, into your hand they are given.  Every moving thing that is alive shall be food for you; I give all to you, as I gave the green plant.  Only you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood. And surely I will require your lifeblood; from every beast I will require it.  And from every man, from every man's brother I will require the life of man.  Whoever sheds man's blood, by man his blood shall be shed, for in the image of God he made man.  And as for you, be fruitful and multiply; populate the earth abundantly and multiply in it.'"

 

What God says in Gen 9 is relevant to capital punishment and the image of God.  God says that a murderer must die, because the one killed was created in the image of God.  But maybe God is saying more than that. 

 

            Man as a judge

Riding on the shoulders of an Old Testament Theology professor, Gordon Hugenberger, the image of God is a rich concept.  Being created in God's image means, among other things, that God has empowered man with the ability to declare verdicts and carry out judgments (again see Gen 1 and 3 for man's ruling responsibilities).  When man carries out justice, he uses his God-given role. 

 

According to Gen 9, a murderer must be killed not because the one he murdered was created in the image of God (although this is true), but because mankind is created in the image of God, and being created in the image of God means, among other things, that man has been commissioned by God to carry out certain responsibilities, like administering justice.  So when a fellow man commits murder, although he is created in the image of God too, the community at large has a responsibility, for the protection of society, to exercise their "image of God" over that of the criminal's image of God.

 

Regardless of how one interprets Gen 9, it's clear what God says there about murderers.  They must die.

 

Besides, the command of Gen 9 to kill murderers came before God gave the law to Israel in Ex 20.  So God aimed capital punishment at civilization in general not only Israel.

 

            God's covenant

In the Old Testament, people had to be executed because God was serious about his covenant with his people.  God promised that he would give them land, that he would protect them, and that he would work through them to reach the rest of the world (Gen 12:3; Jer 31:27-34).  Note the orders God gave his people concerning the land he had promised them—"Only in the cities of these peoples that the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance, you shall not leave alive anything that breathes" (Dt 20:16; also see 1 Sam 15:3).  This is the policy that the Israelites were following in Jos 6:21, where it says, "And they utterly destroyed everything in the city [Jericho], both man and woman, young and old, and ox and sheep and donkey, with the edge of the sword."  Since God had commanded this, then certainly he approved of it. 

 

Again, God was serious about his covenant to his people—"I will give you the land, and my enemies must be destroyed" (Gen 12:3; Dt 28:7, 15-68; 30:7).  Surely this is what the Psalmist had in mind when he said of the enemies of God, "How blessed will be the one who seizes and dashes your little ones against the rock" (Ps 137:9).  Also see Ps 18:40-42 and 139:21-22.

 

God's hatred of sin is why Achan and his family receive death in the book of Joshua.  They broke the covenant (7:11-12, 15, 24-25).  Achan's crime in our eyes was nowhere close to the evilness of murder.  Actually, Achan's actions were not unheard of, nor did God always forbid it.  The Lord sometimes allowed his army to partake of the booty of some cities.  But these weren't random choices.  God let them partake of the booty of cites that were outside of the promised district (see Dt 20:13-14; 21:10-14).  So even though Achan and his family did something that we would never consider a capital offence, God considered it a major offence.  Achan had committed a ritual sin against God's covenant—that he would give them the land entirely to be dedicated to the glory of God—with his people. 

 

That Achan's offense was not a hideous crime like murder makes the point of capital punishment even clearer.  If God commanded his people to put others to death even when they violated his covenant regarding ritual issues, what would his verdict be on murderers?  What is a fair judgment for a murderer?  God said it plainly in Ex 21:12, Lev 24:17, Num 35:30 and in other places—they must die.

 

Questioning the death penalty with the Old Testament

But what about arguments against capital punishment?  Some people quote Ex 20:13 where God says in the Ten Commandments, "You shall not kill."  However, the reference can't mean killing in general ("You shall not kill anyone ever.")  It must mean murder specifically ("You shall not kill anyone who is innocent.")  If God had forbidden killing of any kind in Ex 20:13, then he contradicted himself in Ex 21:12, Lev 24:17, and Num 35:30-34, where he commanded death to those who purposefully murdered innocent people.  Exodus 20:13 protects innocent life but does not ban capital punishment. 

 

But isn't God merciful?  Didn't he spare Adam in Gen 3:6 when he partook of the fruit?  After all, God promised that in the day that Adam ate of the fruit he would surely die (Gen 2:17).  Isn't it true that Adam didn't drop dead upon eating the fruit? 

 

Yes, in fact he lived a long life—930 years to be exact (Gen 5:5).  So what happened? 

 

Although Adam lived long after he ate the forbidden fruit, something died in him that day which caused him to eventually die physically.  Regardless of what we say about that verse, God kept his promise.  Adam didn't live in the fullness of life that he could have lived in forever; he eventually died physically for his sin.  He died for his crime.  And Adam's situation was worse than just death for him.  His death-sentence was passed on to us (Rom 5).   Adam's case leaves us pondering the deep riches of God's inexhaustible goodness, but it doesn't leave us wondering what God thinks about capital punishment.  The rest of Scripture makes this clear.

 

"But wait a minute," some will protest, "there's the story of Cain."  Cain purposefully killed his brother Abel.  If capital punishment should be carried out by society on murderers, then why didn't God have Cain or Moses (or later the Apostle Paul) executed for murder?  God is merciful in ways that we can't always comprehend.  And his compassion should not be overlooked.  He's merciful to all of us or we'd be in hell right now.  But the truth is that he has never let sin go unpunished.  And, as he tells the children of Israel, God takes sin seriously and deals with it harshly (Ex 27:28).  The Lord is gracious, yet he also punishes sinners (Ex 20:5-6; 34:6-7; Ps 103:8-9; Jer 32:17-18).

 

But the question here is "Does God really want the death penalty to be implemented on those who murder?"  Let's look to the New Testament and see what insights we gain from the mind of our Lord.

 

What does the New Testament say about capital punishment?

As we reach the New Testament, some people would say that the new covenant removes the harshness from the Old Testament and now takes away the need of capital punishment.  How come Jesus didn't condemn the woman caught in adultery in John 8 if he was in favor of the death penalty?  Since Jesus had the law on his side, doesn't this prove that Jesus wouldn't have supported the death penalty?  Didn't Jesus say "You have heard that it was said, 'An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.'  But I say to you, don't resist him who is evil; but whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also" (Mat 5:38-39)?  And did he not also say, "Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you" (Mat 5:44)? 

            The adulterous woman

But consider the woman caught in adultery in John 8.  All we can really say about this situation is that, first, the law required that the male perpetrator also be put to death (Lev 20:10; Dt 22:22).  Second, Jesus never said that she should escape stoning.  He set the situation up so that she would not be put to death, but this doesn't give us conclusive evidence that Jesus was no longer in favor of the death penalty.  All it shows is that Jesus was compassionate and gracious.  This same compassionate Jesus threw over tables (Mat 21:12) and will one day cast his enemies into hell (Mat 25:46; Rev 19:20-21; 21:6-8, 11-13).

 

            Turn the other cheek

Just because Jesus said in Mat 5 to "Turn the other cheek" doesn't cancel the death penalty.  What he said is a far cry from saying that governments should not carry out the death penalty on capital offenders.  Christians should let God fight their battles—our instructions are to turn the other cheek.  This is a word to believers regarding our response toward those personally offending us.  But this verse does not tell us how our governments are supposed to treat criminals.  Imagine a nation responding to its criminals with a turn-the-other-cheek mentality?  It would be chaos!  The command to turn the other cheek is to Christians, not civil laws or even society at large. 

 

            Put away your sword

But what about Jesus' words to Peter in Mat 26:52?  Peter had just cut a man's ear off for trying to take Jesus away.  The Lord said to him, "Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword."  Does this give us insight about capital punishment? 

 

It tells us that violence isn't our calling in life.  But it falls short of giving us the weighty argument needed to say that capital punishment is not ethical in the eyes of Jesus (compare with Lk 22:36-51).  Jesus knew he had to die and that his kingdom was going to be set up in a different way, and at a different time, than what the disciples had imagined.  He would eventually come with a sword, but not now.  He had come to die on the cross.  The way of the sword, when it is carried out on an individual basis, leads to destruction.  Jesus didn't need Peter's help fighting the soldiers. 

 

            The government

And the Lord does not need our help administering justice.  Actually, he doesn't need our help doing anything!  Yet, he has chosen to use governments to bring about his justice.  That's exactly what Rom 13:1-5 teaches—God uses governments to carry out his good plan of justice.

 

"Let every person be in subjection to the governing authorities.  For there is no authority except from God, and those which exist are established by God.  Therefore he who resists authority has opposed the ordinance of God; and they who have opposed will receive condemnation upon themselves.  For rulers are not a cause of fear for good behavior, but for evil.  Do you want to have no fear of authority?  Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same; for it is a minister of God to you for good.  But if you do what is evil, be afraid; for it does not bear the sword for nothing; for it is a minister of God, an avenger who brings wrath upon the one who practices evil.  Wherefore it is necessary to be in subjection, not only because of wrath, but also for conscience sake."

 

In these first five verses of Rom 13, it's easy to see Paul's point—obey the laws of the land or reap the punishment the government metes out on you.  Romans 13:4 implies something significant about capital punishment—God uses it for the good of the people. 

 

Goodness comes to the people in the form of justice.  For the criminal, it means death. 

 

That the "sword" here connotes death is an inference, yes, but it seems to be a solid inference.  How else could we interpret the mention of a sword?  A sword was not used to reform offenders into good citizens.  It was used to kill.  The sword is not a tool for rehabilitation, but for condemnation.  Clearly the text states that the judicial aspect of any government is that of "An Avenger Who Brings Wrath."  Paul's imagery in Rom 13 is not likely to conjure pictures of social workers trying to civilize hardened criminals.  Rather, it paints, in blood-red hues, the chopping block in all of its horror.

 

In fairness to those who disagree with how I'm interpreting this passage, maybe this text just acknowledges that these types of governments existed.  Maybe it's a description and not a prescription.  This interpretation is possible, but such a conclusion does injustice to what this passage seems to be saying.  Paul is telling believers how to live in a corrupt world.  They can live for the Lord even when corrupt governments exist.  However, he's not saying that this judicial wing of the government is corrupt, but that it serves a divine purpose.  There are corrupt governments that abuse their power, but just because governments exercise capital punishment doesn't make that governing system corrupt.  In fact, how could Paul's words be given any meaning at all if he isn't saying that this judging and executing aspect of government is good?

 

First Peter 2:13-15 says, "Submit yourselves for the Lord's sake to every human institution, whether to a king as the one in authority, or to governors as sent by him for the punishment of evildoers and the praise of those who do right.  For such is the will of God that by doing right you may silence the ignorance of foolish men."  This passage supports the government's right to punish criminals.  Although it does not mention capital punishment, neither does it mention prison or rehabilitation programs.

 

Vengeance is mine

Doesn't the Bible clearly teach that God will take vengeance?  This is one of the most common arguments used against capital punishment.  But, ironically, it ends up being one of the weakest arguments against the death penalty.  Deuteronomy 32:35-36a says, "Vengeance is mine, and retribution, in due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity is near, and the impending things are hastening upon them.  For the Lord will vindicate his people…."  The words of Dt 32:35-36 ("vengeance is mine, I will repay") show up in Rom 12:19 and Heb 10:30.  Romans 12:17-30 emphasizes that we as Christians should not retaliate.  But the topic must be personal vengeance, otherwise God would be saying that no one, nor any system of justice, should ever punish evil.  And God was obviously in favor of justice systems punishing crime, as a thorough reading of Deuteronomy will show.

 

If people quote Rom 12:19 to oppose capital punishment, then "taking vengeance" would have to include any type of punishment by any justice system.  Putting people in jail or even fining them would be vengeful and therefore not permissible.  If people argue that the death penalty is wrong because God is the only one who can avenge evil, then those same people have to argue that no crime, whatsoever, can ever be punished by a human justice system because, according to their definition of vengeance, punishing crime would be vengeful.  And to argue that is absurd.

 

Furthermore, the Dt 32:35-36 quote about vengeance, in Heb 10:30, must be seen in light of verse 28: "Anyone who has set aside the Law of Moses dies without mercy on the testimony of two or three witnesses."  Hebrews 10:26-31 contrasts the penalty for breaking the Law of Moses and the penalty for those who still defy God in light of Christ's death.  If it's a given that those who break Moses' Law were in danger of death, then what will happen to those who rebel against God after knowing the full truth of the gospel?  They will be punished all the more severely by God on the day of judgment.  Although Heb 10:26-31 isn't primarily about capital punishment, the context speaks of it as the norm rather than as immoral.  

 

Therefore, Rom 12:19 and Heb 10:30 warn against personal vengeance.  We as the people of God, especially as individuals, are not called to take it upon ourselves to deal out judgment on those who oppose our Lord or us.  These passages say nothing against capital punishment.

 

God will repay evildoers but he will use human laws and governments to carry out his plan of vengeance.  That's actually what we've already seen happening throughout the Old Testament. 

 

            The Cross

Does the cross of Christ shed any light on the matter of capital punishment?  When Jesus hung on the cross, he said of those executing him, "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do" (Lk 23:34).  Doesn't this prove that Jesus would have forgiven murderers today?

 

Jesus' words of forgiveness show that God hates sin and approves of the execution of Christ.  It also shows that he has a heart to forgive (1 Pet 2:23).  Christ had not sinned, but was dying for the sins of sinners.  God is just and requires that sins be paid for.  Christ's forgiving words uttered from the cross weren't a blanket forgiveness for his accusers.  He was expressing his heart, not making a statement about the destinies of his torturers.  He was full of love even though they were full of hate.  If his crucifiers were to be saved, they'd have to repent and believe.  In fact, this same loving Christ will one day reek havoc on his enemies (Rev 20:11-15).

 

What crimes, if any, merit the death penalty?

Even if one concedes that the death penalty could be used in some cases, how do we decide what is worthy of death?  In the Old Testament people were executed because they worked on the Sabbath (Ex 31:15).  Surely we don't want to execute someone for that!  Only a small segment of Christianity, Reconstructionists, would say that we should live under all of the laws (or at least the moral and civil laws) of the Old Testament. 

 

But what about moral issues like homosexuality (Lev 20:13), adultery (Lev 20:10), and animal molestation (Lev 20:15-16)?

 

Matthew 5:17-18 says Jesus came to fulfill the law not abolish it.  Hebrews 8 attests that Jesus' death and resurrection brought about some change in the law and covenant.

 

Although these sins (like adultery, bestiality, homosexuality, and all sins) still offend God, they should not be treated the same way now, as they were in the Old Testament.  We do not live in a theocratic government (a government with God as king), and thus we have to function differently.  While we should still take sin seriously, God will handle certain sins in his own time. 

 

Governments should not implement laws that condone sins such as mentioned above.  But since all governments are made up of sinners, then they show sinful traits no matter how fair they are.

 

But if some of the sins and crimes that warranted death in the Old Testament don't necessarily warrant death today, why murder? 

 

I defend the death penalty, at least in the case of murder, because murder cuts at the core of being human and being created in the image of God.  Again, see Gen 9:6-7.  Murder takes from an innocent person something essential for life and happiness, something which cannot be given back.  An innocent life ceases. 

 

The murderer's life is forfeited by his own wrong doings.  The murderer's ruling and judging privileges—the image of God—are overruled by the image of God present in those carrying out justice, added with the fact that he murdered someone who bore God's image.  He has become a threat to society and must die.

 

Christians opposing the death penalty

Several things could be said regarding Christians who oppose the death penalty even in cases of murder.  If they're going to oppose the death penalty they should have Scripture and solid interpretation to base their arguments on.  Many argue against the death penalty because they say that the death penalty devalues life.

           

The value of life

Life is devalued when our laws say that no one can ever do anything to deserve death.  The only way to guard the sanctity of life is to show that life is so precious that there are crimes so evil that the perpetrator deserves death. 

 

Problems with the death penalty

Despite my arguments supporting the death penalty, there are some arguments against capital punishment worth considering:

 

Hasn't the death penalty failed to prevent crime?

At what point in American history have we ever tested whether the death penalty prevents crime?  Has it ever been implemented in such a consistent way across the country that we know it doesn't work?  Maybe the problem with the way we've carried out the death penalty in the U.S. is that we've been too slow and too inconsistent.  Scripture teaches that swift judgment does deter crime (Eccl 8:11).  Whether or not the death penalty stops the potential murderer from possibly murdering, it effectively stops the one who did murder.

 

Besides, if capital punishment does not deter murder, then why think that something else will?  Why try anything?  What's the one thing that every person facing the death penalty wants to do?  He wants to live, and that should tell us something about the value of life and the deterrence that the death penalty can bring.

 

What about discrimination and the finality of this decision?

We acknowledge that the faultiness of man's laws and decisions are a serious consideration.  Inmates have been released from death row due to DNA testing.  No doubt, the biggest problem with the death penalty is that innocent people can get caught in the system, even a system that is based on "Innocent Until Proven Guilty." 

 

Anywhere people exist, sin abounds, even in justice systems based on fairness.  But should we not enforce it because of a possible flaw in the system, even if Scripture encourages us to enforce it?  No one doubts the possibility of injustice.  And because there is no undoing a mistake of this nature, we need to be working for a thorough and fairer justice system, not opposing the death penalty.  DNA testing can help us deal justly with the right people rather than stopping capital punishment altogether. 

 

Innocent people might end up there because of error or discrimination.  But can we let those possibilities stop us from doing what is right in the cases where evil has reigned and guilt has been proven beyond a reasonable doubt?

 

            Questions for thought

I have two questions for Christians who oppose the death penalty for murderers:

1). Where is the scriptural support?

2). What is the proper punishment for murder, if not death? 

 

Some will say they don't have an alternative solution, but they know capital punishment is not the right answer.  Why?  They don't have an alternative solution because they've rejected the only answer Scripture gives.  And for those who say they do have alternative solutions, are those solutions derived from Scripture?

Summary and conclusion

I've tried to show that the Old Testament teaches that God implemented the death penalty.  The clearest passage is Gen 9:1-7.  The New Testament doesn't condone violence or personal retribution, but it does support the death penalty.  The clearest passage to demonstrate that is Rom 13:1-5. 

 

Admittedly, no New Testament passage mandates capital punishment, but neither does it mandate prison or rehabilitation programs.

 

Even though the death penalty will continue to be a controversial issue among Bible-believing Christians, the Scriptures must be the basis for our beliefs and actions.

 

If someone rejects capital punishment on moral grounds, then no one should ever die by the death penalty, including people like Hitler, Stalin, Hussein, or Bin Laden.  The people who argue against capital punishment have to at least be consistent in their position.

 

Whether a murderer has confessed his crime, expressed contrition, and sought to redeem his actions by performing good works are not a legitimate issues.  We should weep for the victims and then proceed with the death penalty.  Otherwise, a person's way out of death row is a confession, a few tears, and a little bit of work.  Should we really cheapen the lives of their victims to make ourselves feel more humane?

 

 

Letter(s) From Andrew Objecting to Capital Punishment

Tennessee's Death Penalty Moratorium

IN MEMORY OF A FRIEND: Matthew Hopkins

 
< Prev
 

 

Home    Site Map    About NNF    Search    Contact Us    Statement of Faith

 

Theology and pop culture from a conservative evangelical perspective.

 
Joomla Template design by RocketTheme