While not exhaustive, this information includes mostly Sub-Saharan conservative* theologians, and most of them are from East or West Africa. I don't claim to be an expert on African evangelical theology or theologians. This is a work in progress and if you have suggestions for whom to add or delete, let me know. Also let me know if a link isn't working. Email me here.
This page does not necessarily endorse the views of any of these theologians listed below.
A Few Evangelical African
Tokunboh (deceased): Nigerian. He
was general editor to the Africa
Bible Commentary. He authored
several articles and books, including Is
Africa Cursed: A Vision for the Radical Transformation of an Ailing
- ADIOYE, Ebele:
Ivoirian. His PhD dissertation from
Baptist Theological Seminary in Cordova,
selected art forms of the Baoule people relating to evangelism, spiritual
warfare, and church planting. He
published an article in Journal of
Evangelism and Missions on spiritual warfare and revival regarding the
Daloa Baptist revival. He is the
founder and president of Institut Baptiste de Formation Pastorale et
Missionnaire (IBFPM) of the Baptist Convention of Cote d'Ivoire.
- AHOGA, Augustin
Cossi: Beninese. He wrote the
commentaries to Jonah and Nahum in the Africa
Bible Commentary and works as the Regional Secretary of IFES-GBUAF for Francophone
Solomon: Malagasy. He wrote one
article and four commentaries on NT books in the Africa Bible Commentary. He is also the author of La Théologie: Une Introduction and
a professor at La Faculté de Théologie
Evangélique de l'Alliance Chrétienne (FATEAC) in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire.
- BEDIAKO, Kwame
(deceased): Ghanaian. He
contributed to the Africa Bible
Commentary and was the author of a few books, including Christianity in Africa: The Renewal of
a Non-Western Religion. He was
the founder and director of Akrofi-Christaller
Institute of Theology, Mission and Culture in Akropong, Ghana.
(For an excellent article critiquing some of Bediako's views, see Keith
Ferdinando, "Christian Identity in the African Context: Reflection on
Kwame Bediako's Theology and
Identity" in JETS 50/1
March 2007. Also see "Kwame
Bediako: Considerations on the Motivating Force behind His Theology and Identity.")
- BOSCH, David (deceased): South
African. Ordained by the Dutch Reformed Church, he taught
missiology at University
of South Africa. One of his key books was Transforming Mission:
Paradigm Shifts in Theology of Mission.
- CAREW, M. Douglas
(deceased): Sierra Leonean. He wrote his PhD dissertation at Trinity
Evangelical Divinity School (TEDS) on "To Know and Not to Know:
Hosea's Knowledge in Discourse Perspective." He contributed to the Africa Bible Commentary. He serves as vice chancellor at Africa International University (AIU)--formerly
the Nairobi Evangelical Graduate School of Theology (NEGST).
- COLE, Victor
Babajide: Nigerian. He wrote one
article and Mark in the Africa Bible
Commentary and has authored a separate work, Training of the Ministry.
Issiaka: Ivorian. He has taught at
FATEAC and made several
contributions to the Africa Bible
Youssouf: Malian. He authored
Habakkuk in the Africa Bible
Commentary and now pastors a church in Mali.
- HABTU, Tewoldemedhin: Eritrean.
He teaches OT studies at Africa International University (AIU)--formerly
the Nairobi Evangelical Graduate School of Theology (NEGST)--and he wrote
several pieces in the Africa Bible
- IMASOGIE, Osad:
Nigerian? He used to teach in Nigeria
and wrote Guidelines for Christian
Theology in Africa.
- KALELI, Jones:
Kenyan. He took his PhD from Fuller
Theological Seminary and now teaches at Liberty
University, Lynchburg, Virginia. Read more here.
- KALU, Ogbu (deceased): Nigerian?
He was the Henry Winters Luce Professor of World Christianity at
McCormick Theological Seminary, Chicago.
He published 18 books and over 180 articles in journals and as book
chapters, including African Pentecostalism: An Introduction.
- KARAMAGA, Andre: Rwandian. He is the president of the Presbyterian Church in Rwanda and serves as a
vice-president of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches. He wrote several pieces, including Evangile en Afrique: Ruptures et
- KATO, Byang
(deceased): Nigerian. He is
considered the father of evangelical African theology. His most notable work was Theological Pitfalls in Africa. A biography of his life has been
published. Read more here and here.
- KEÏTA, Isaac:
Guinean. While at Trinity
Evangelical Divinity School (TEDS), he wrote his doctoral dissertation on
spiritual formation in African theological education. He is dean at FATEAC.
- NDJERAREOU, Abel
Laoundoye: Chadian. He served
previously as the principal of Faculté de Théologie Evangélique de Bangui
in Central African
Republic and wrote several pieces in
the Africa Bible Commentary.
- NGEWA, Samuel: Kenyan. He served as a theological editor for
the Africa Bible Commentary and
wrote many articles in it. He
teaches NT at AIU.
- OUOBA, Elisee: Burkinabé. He
is completing his PhD at Wheaton
University. He has
teaching experience at the college at Bangui.
His area is New Testament.
- PHIRI, Isabel
Apawo: Malawian. She was a
theological advisor for the Africa
Bible Commentary and wrote several articles in it.
- SEMENYE, Lois
Mvuli: Kenyan. She is currently
dean of Instruction and Head of Christian Education at Nairobi International
School of Theology. She is an
author in the Africa Bible
- SOUNGALO, Soro:
Ivorian. He wrote Philemon and a
few other articles in the Africa
- TIÉNOU, Tite: Burkinabé. He is Senior Vice President of
Education, Dean of TEDS. He was former president and dean of FATEAC. He has written several books, including The Theological Task of the Church in
Africa. Read more here.
- TURAKI, Yusufu: Nigerian. Not only did he serve as a theological
advisor for the Africa Bible
Commentary but also made a significant authorial contribution to
it. He's a translation consultant
for International Bible Society.
- ZOKOUÉ, Isaac:
Ivoirian. He teaches at FATEB in Central African Republic. He has written several works, one of
which is Jésus-Christ Sauveur: Le
Mystère des Deux Natures.
Theologians Worth Noting
But Perhaps Not Conservative Evangelicals:
- Kä Mana: Congolese. He claims to be an evangelical but some people
take issue with a few of his ideas.
He is the author of several books, including Christians and Churches of Africa: Salvation in Christ and
Building a New African Society.
He used to be, and perhaps still is, the Directeur du Centre
d'Etudes et de Recherches Œcuméniques et Sociales (CEROS).
- MBITI, John:
Kenyan. No site about Protestant African
theology would be complete without at least mentioning Mbiti. He is the father of modern African
protestant theology and has authored many books, including Introduction to African Religions. (For a concise contrast between Mbiti and B. Kato's
theological focus, see Keith Eitel's article, "Contextualization: Contrasting
African Voices" in Criswell
Theological Review Vol 2, No. 2, Spring 1988.)
- SANNEH, Lamin:
Gambian. He is a Roman Catholic who
teaches at Yale
and is the author of the book, Translating the Message.
- Other noteworthy
authors†: Paul FUETER, "Theological Education in Africa" (1956),
E. Bolaji IDOWU, Olodumare: God in
Yoruba Belief (1962), V. MULAGO, Un
visage africain du christianisme (1965),Harry SAWYERR, Creative Evangelism--Towards a New
Christian Encounter With Africa (1968), Kwesi DICKSON, Theology in Africa (1984), Justin
UKPONG, African Theologies
(1984), G. H. MUZOREWA, The Origins
and Development of African Theologies (1985), E. W. FASHOLÉ-LUKE,
"The Quest for African Christian Theologies" (The Ecumenical Review 27, 1975),
John POBEE, Toward an African
Theology (1979), T. TSHIBANGU, La
théologie comme science au XXème siècle (1980), J.N.K. MUGAMBI, African Christian Theology: An
Introduction (1989). [†The
chapters by Tiénou and Bediako in Issues
in African Christian Theology were especially helpful. Also see the bibliography of "African
Theology" by James C. Okoye.]
Evangelical Theological Groups or Websites:
Evangelical Scholars With African Ties or Influence:
- Blocher, Henri:
He has produced several works in French and teaches at Wheaton College.
- Bowers, Paul. He is currently based in the United States but spends two months
full-time at George
each year teaching Pauline studies and leading seminars. Paul has served with SIM International
in theological education in Africa since 1968 in Nigeria, Kenya
He has published a number of books
and articles about African theologians or theology.
- Eitel, Keith. He served as a career missionary
(professor) in Cameroon
and is now Professor of Missions, Director of the World Missions
Center, and Dean of
the Roy Fish School of Evangelism and Missions at Southwestern Baptist
Keith. He used to work with Africa
Inland Mission (AIM) mostly in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire). He has taught at the London School of
Theology and is still affiliated with that institute although he is now at
RIET (or FATER), a theological faculty in Kigali, Rwanda,
set up by leaders of the AER to train leaders for the churches of the
- Kraft, Charles:
He served in Nigeria
and teaches at Fuller Theological Seminary.
- Kuen, Alfred: He
has written many books that are widely used among French-speaking
Africans. [need more information].
- May, Stan: He was
a missionary in Zimbabwe;
now he teaches at Mid-America Baptist Theological Seminary.
- Moreau, Scott: He
served for 10 years in Swaziland
as a missionary. He edits Evangelical Missions Quarterly and is
professor of Intercultural Studies and Missions at Wheaton College. He also edited the Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions.
- van den Toren,
Benno: While from the Netherlands,
he was formally at the Bangui seminary for
about 10 years; he's currently teaching at Wycliffe Hall, Oxford University.
- van Rheenen,
Gialyn: He served in Kenya
as a missionary and teaches at Abilene
- Walls, Andrew: He
is a former missionary to Sierra Leone
and Nigeria, now
teaching at the University
For Further Study:
- Africa Bible Commentary, general editor
Tokunboh Adeyemo. (See the list of
contributors for more information on many evangelical African
- Africa Journal
of Evangelical Theology is a scholarly evangelical theological
journal offering articles and book reviews relating to theology and
ministry in Africa. It is published twice a year by the
staff of Scott Theological College
in Kenya. (See various issues for African
Theology" by James C. Okoye. (See the bibliography.)
Theology and Social Change: Bibliography Part 1: A to N. (See this extensive bibliography.)
Circle of Concerned African Women Theologians (Not obviously
evangelical but could be a good resource for research on or among African
- Clouds of Witnesses: Christian Voices from Africa
and Asia by Mark Noll and Carolyn Nystrom. (IVP/2011.)
The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary. Some issues are available on Logos Bible
Software. (See various issues for
- Evangelical Dictionary of World Missions. It's available on Logos. (See contributors and relevant articles.)
- Evangelical Theological College in Ethiopia. (See faculty page.)
- George Whitefield
College in South Africa. (See faculty page.)
CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: An Annotated Bibliography with Emphasis on Non-White
Theologians" by Bethel
Theological Seminary. (See their
list of evangelical and non-evangelical theologians.)
- Introduction à la Théologie Evangélique (unpublished)
by Benno van den Toren. (His
bibliography is extensive.)
- Issues in African Christian Theology
edited by Samuel Ngewa, Mark Shaw, and Tite Tiénou, 1998 (See the list of
contributors and their bibliographies.)
- Journal of African Christian Thought is a periodical
various issues for African contributors.)
- La Théologie: Une Introduction by
Solomon. (See his bibliography.)
- Textbooks for Theological Education in Africa:
An Annotated Bibliography by Richard L.
Starcher and Enosh A. Anguandia.
(See this 200-plus-page PDF book of unbelievably helpful resources
about Africa or by Africans.)
- "The Thailand
Report on People of African Traditional Religions" is a helpful
pamphlet resulting from the findings of several African theologians in Pattaya, Thailand (1998). (See the list of contributors on the
back cover of this pamphlet.)
Links to Some Evangelical French Resources:
*By conservative I mean those who would likely agree with the following
statement: "The books which form the canon of the Old and New Testaments
as originally given are plenarily inspired and free from all error in the whole
and in the part. These books constitute
the written Word of God, the only infallible rule of faith and
practice." (Taken from Harold
Lindsell's book, The Battle for the Bible,
p. 107, regarding Fuller Theological Seminary's original statement of faith.) [Some above theologians would clearly have
great respect for the Word of God but repudiate such labeling or wording as
unnecessary western add-ons. Bediako
seems to be a case in point.]
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