"Let not your heart be troubled; believe in God, believe also in me" John 14:1
GALATIANS 3:19-29 Print E-mail
Written by Kevin L. Howard   


Intro: When I was a kid, my parents had certain rules: don't play in the road, don't talk to strangers, go to bed at this time.  Now that I'm an adult living on my own, the rules for me are different.



3:19-25-The role of the law (its ability and limitation): What is the law referred to here?  What role does the law play in our lives today?  Some would say we should go back under the law.  Others would say we're not under the law at all.


This passage does not tell us everything that we want to know about the law.  Rather, it seeks to explain the law's role in relation to the first coming of Christ.


verses 19-20

a. The law's relation to transgression and the seed (Christ: The Promise)

The law had a way of not only pointing out man's sin, but of making sure that man sinned.

Who is the seed?  Christ is the seed. 

What is the promise referred to here?  The Spirit is the promise that comes through the seed, Christ.  The life that Christ gives and the inheritance are part of the promises that Jesus brings as The Promise.

Why does Paul mention a mediator?

What is a mediator?  Someone who stands in between

God is one (how does this truth fit into this passage?)


verses 21-24

b. The law's coherency with the promises

What promises?  The promises made to Abraham.

There is no contradiction between the law and the promises.

            They were meant to do different things but were not in opposition.

            "Before faith" does not mean there was no faith before Christ.

                        Christ is the object and person of our faith.

            What was a pedagogue?

            The law was a pedagogue until Christ.


verse 25          

c. The law's role now that faith has come

So what happens to the law now?

            The whole law isn't abolished (remember, they don't contradict the promises).

            The point is, the law as an era was preparing people for Christ.

            It still has relevance for our lives.



3:26-29-The role of faith (its benefits): This section stresses the importance of faith.  In the OT, people knew God by faith (but the law directed them).  Today, we also know God by faith (but now we have the internal and continual dwelling of the Spirit, Gal 5:16-18).


verses 26-29   

a. The believer's sonship to God through faith in Christ Jesus

What does it mean to be baptized into Christ?


Related to other believers in Christ Jesus: unity; equal access to God; equality in salvation, yet distinctions still exists.


Abraham's offspring (we are heirs of the promise-the Spirit-if we have followed his example and believed in Christ).

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